✍️ Author: Dr Eleni Christoforidou
🕒 Approximate reading time: 5 minutes
Exercise isn't just about physical strength and endurance. Increasingly, science is illuminating its pivotal role in maintaining cognitive functions and potentially delaying the onset of neurodegenerative diseases. But how exactly does physical activity influence our brain's health? Let's delve in.
Neuroplasticity refers to the brain's ability to reorganise itself, forming new neural connections throughout life. Exercise, particularly aerobic activities, has been shown to enhance neuroplasticity, aiding memory, learning, and cognitive flexibility.
BDNF is a protein that supports the survival of existing neurons and encourages the growth and differentiation of new neurons and synapses. Physical activity can raise BDNF levels, thus promoting cognitive health.
Alzheimer's Disease: Regular exercise may reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's and can slow the progression in those already diagnosed. It achieves this by enhancing blood flow to the brain and reducing detrimental plaques.
Parkinson's Disease: Physical activity can improve gait, balance, tremor, flexibility, grip strength, and motor coordination in Parkinson's patients.
Exercise stimulates the release of endorphins, often termed 'feel-good' hormones. This not only boosts mood but also counteracts stress, which is a known risk factor for cognitive decline.
Good vascular health supports optimal blood flow to the brain. Regular physical activity ensures healthy blood vessels, reducing the risk of conditions such as vascular dementia.
Those who incorporate exercise into their daily routines often follow healthier dietary habits and engage in mentally stimulating activities. This holistic approach creates a protective environment for the brain.
Integrating regular exercise into one's routine doesn't require Herculean efforts. Activities like brisk walking, swimming, or even dancing can offer these brain benefits. The key is consistency.
While the correlation between exercise and improved brain function is compelling, it's essential to remember that it's just one piece of the puzzle. Combining physical activity with a balanced diet, mental stimulation, and social interaction creates a synergistic effect, optimising brain health and staving off neurodegenerative diseases.